Vol. VI, No. 1, Spring-Summer 2013
TOTELECAN, Silviu G., "The Language of Rights and Solidarity", International
Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (1) 7-12, 2013.
HAWASS, Zahi, "The Death of Tutankhamun ",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (1) 13-27, 2013.
Abstract: There are many theories published on the death of the golden king, Tutankhamun. The most popular one,
that he was hit by an axe on his head, is based on the existence of a hole in the back of his head. The Egyptian
Mummy project studied the Mummy of Tutankhamun twice and found important evidence that he was not murdered. The
present article will insist upon this project in order to explain some other mysteries about the death of Tutankhamun.
Keywords: The Egyptian Mummy project, the Mummy of Tutankhamun, theories on Tutankhamun’s death
PIPES, Daniel, "From Gibreel to Joseph Anton. The story of Rushdie",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (1) 29-53, 2013.
Abstract: From a novel by Salman Rushdie published in 1989 to an American civil protest called ”Everyone Draw Muhammad
Day“ in 2010, a familiar pattern has evolved. It begins when Westerners say or do something critical of Islam.
Islamists respond with name-calling and outrage, demands for retraction, threats of lawsuits and violence, and actual
violence. In turn, Westerners hem and haw, prevaricate, and finally fold. Along the way, each controversy prompts a
debate focusing on the issue of free speech.
Keywords: Western civilization, Islam, Salman Rushdie, violence,controversy
GLIGOR, Mihaela, "Gitanjali. Introducing the East to the West ",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (1) 55-66, 2013.
Abstract: Gitanjali or “song offerings” is the title of the poems volume signed by Rabindranath Tagore, the first
Nobel laureate of Asia (1913). Gitanjali can be also used as a term of confluence between East and West, as a word full
of significance that can help explaining the Orient to the Occident. The present paper is trying to expose some facts
regarding the meeting between East and West, as seen through the eyes of Mircea Eliade, the famous Romanian born historian
of religion who started his journey in India, understanding like no other the Indian soul. We will also stop very
often on his encounter with Rabindranath Tagore, the Poet who managed to bring the East into the heart of the West.
Keywords: Orient, Mircea Eliade, travelers, Rabindranath Tagore, Gitanjali, West, East, education, new worlds, religion, pilgrimage
DUSCHE, Michael, "The Role of Muslim Identity in Akeel Bilgrami’s Critique of Political Liberalism
and an Emergentic Approach to Global Justice", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (1) 67-84, 2013.
Abstract: The first part of this paper is a close engagement with Bilgrami’s theory of Muslim identity and his subsequent criticism of
political liberalism. According to Bilgrami, political liberalism is ill-equipped to accommodate fundamental commitments of religious
believers. His argument rests on the philosophical assumption that religious persons, particularly Muslims, need their beliefs to
be reconfirmed by the state, and on the empirical assumption that Islam has an inbuilt pretension to law and state. The paper argues
that the use of an empirical argument in order to prove a philosophical point against political liberalism raises doubts about the
essentialist implications of Bilgrami’s critique. In the second part, this paper pays tribute to Bilgrami’s critique of Archimedean
universalism and Bilgrami’s negotiated-emergent model. Connecting the latter with an argument of Putnam, this paper develops an
emergentic approach to ethics based on the notion of Internal Universalism. Internal Universalism is shown to be an independent position
between Archimedean universalism and normative Relativism which strives for, but never reaches, a collective reflexive equilibrium à la Rawls.
Keywords: Globalisation, African Societies, challenges, identities, world, philosophy, exploitation
PRASOPCHINGCHANA, Sarunya, "History and Cultural Heritage: Past and Future", International Journal on
Humanistic Ideology 6 (1) 85-103, 2013.
Abstract: A study analyzing the approach individuals have towards history and cultural heritage, by observing the respondents’ attitude to
several statement. I inquire into how they recognize “the grains of gold” deposited throughout centuries on the sand of Thai history-river
and the role they attribute to cultural heritage.
Keywords: History, cultural heritage, heritage cycle
POMOHACI, Maria-Daniela, "The Influence of the Political, Social and Religious Measures upon Caste during British India",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (1) 105-128, 2013.
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to present the changes within the caste system produced during colonial India. The reason for
choosing to analyze this subject it is because caste represents one of the key concepts of Indian civilization, giving its socio-cultural
distinctiveness. Appeared in Ancient India, the caste system is a very elaborate and disputed phenomenon of social stratification, which is
still present in today’s Indian society. The political takeover by the British from the Mughals had important consequences also on Indian
society. During British rule, which lasted from the eighteenth century until 1947, the caste system evolved and expanded into more than 3,000
different castes. Even though significant changed were brought to the caste system, it had not been removed. Interestingly, the British instead
of eradicating the caste system, they actually have strengthened and reshaped it. This article will focus on the changes brought by the British
to the Indian society, during the colonial period. Some of the political, social or religious measures influenced directly the caste system, however
others being actually consequences of the colonization.
Keywords: caste, British India, caste system, colonialism, modernity, measures, census
CEPOI, Ecaterina, "The Problem of Supreme Leadership (‘Imamah) in Sunni Political Thought",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (1) 129-152, 2013.
Abstract: This paper aims to present a brief overview of the main historical and theoretical developments undergone by the issue of supreme leadership
(‘Imamah) in the Sunni tradition. The entire Muslim political philosophy is developed around this theme of establishing the criteria of legitimacy and
the nature of authority which is called to lead the Islamic community after the disappearance of the Prophet. Although this authority has been
identified, par excellence, with the institution of the caliphate, the concrete realities of the Umayyad and Abbasid political governments have
gradually come to challenge the statute of the caliph: is his function an immutable quality, whose authority is independent on the person representing
it, or is it conditioned by his virtues or flaws? Does the caliph continue to remain the absolute authority both on the spiritual and the political level,
when he is forced to distribute more and more of his competencies to certain specialized instances (theological, political, administrative, military),
sometimes ending up a mere symbol devoid of real power? Furthermore, especially following the disappearance of the Abbasids, does one still need the
institution of the ‘Imamah, considering the fact that the political powers succeeding each other now no longer meet the classical criteria by means of
which they can be legitimised as spiritual authorities as well, or is the Islamic governing per se more important, in accordance with the Shari’a,
and therefore the necessity of installing a “legal policy”, as well? All of these, and more, have provoked profound reflections throughout the centuries,
and the answers offered have tried to be just as many solutions to the controversies and crisis which have traversed the political and spiritual history
of the Islamic community, from the beginnings up until the contemporary times.
Keywords: Islam, Sunni, ‘Imamah, caliphat, ‘ulama’, Ibn Hanbal, al-Mawardi, al-Ghazali, Ibn Taimiyya, siyasa shar’iyya