Vol. II, No. 2, Autumn-Winter 2009
GLIGOR, Mihaela, "Reason and Religious Identity. The Problem", International
Journal on Humanistic Ideology 2 (2) 7-12, 2009.
SEN, Amartya, "The Reach of Reason",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 2 (2) 13-36, 2009.
Abstract: W.B. Yeats wrote on the margin of his copy of The
Genealogy of Morals, "But why does Nietzsche think the night has no
stars, nothing but bats and owls and the insane moon?" Nietzsche
outlined his scepticism of humanity and presented his chilling
vision of the future just before the beginning of the last century -
he died in 1900. The events of the century that followed, including
world wars, holocausts, genocides and other atrocities that occurred
with systematic brutality, give us reason enough to worry whether
Nietzsche's sceptical view of humanity may not have been right.
Keywords: reason, philosophy, Enlightenment, humanity, history.
WELSCH, Wolfgang, "Nietzsche on Reason",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 2 (2) 37-50, 2009.
Abstract: Nietzsche is thought of as someone who destroys reason. As
such he has been attacked by authors ranging from Lukács through to
Habermas. In the following I would like to introduce his attempt at
a restoration of reason. I will provide a short reconstruction of
Nietzsche's theses on reason. First of all, I will set out
Nietzsche's pragmatic reinterpretation of reason, secondly the
relationship of reason to different types of life and then, thirdly,
the relation between reason and passion. Following this, I will move
on to Nietzsche's "restored reason".
Keywords: Reason, Nietzsche, knowledge, philosophy, "restored
PALIT, Piyali, "Reasoning and Religious
Identity: A Formal Approach", International Journal on Humanistic
Ideology 2 (2) 51-62, 2009.
Abstract: Indian religious tradition being a Veda-oriented one is
found to be grounded strongly on reasoning. It made human
civilization rich by way of understanding one's own self and
relation to the world in which he lives. In this article an attempt
has been made to highlight this feature of Indian religious
tradition following Formal Ontology of Navya Vaisesikas, developed
by Prof. Navjyoti Singh in modern era, as well as other traditional
texts to prove the efficacy of Vaidika value system in resolving
crux of reasoning and religious identity.
Keywords: Vaidika, Manana/reasoning, Darana, Dharma, Manusya,
Punctuator, Pankti, Nyaya, Anviksiki, Bhava.
DUSCHE, Michael, "Modernity, Nation-State and
Islamic Identity Politics", International Journal on Humanistic
Ideology 2 (2) 63-80, 2009.
Abstract: The history of perceptions between the West and the
Islamic world does not begin with the recent terror attacks in the
US, Europe, the Middle East and South Asia. These in a way only mark
the moment in the West when awareness became overwhelming that
something is fundamentally amiss in its relations with the countries
of so-called Islamic world.
Keywords: globalization, modernity, identity politics, Islam,
culture, social structure.
Chatterjee SINHA, Atashee, "Identity, Religion
and Morality", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 2
(2) 81-100, 2009.
Abstract: In this article I have intended to make an analytical
study of the concept of human identity from the perspective of
religion, with special emphasis on morality, thereby showing the
connection between identity, religion and morality. Unlike the
theoretical ideologies given by sociologists and theologians, the
various forms of violent practices of religious groups observed in
the present century are far from establishing a globally peaceful
environment through religion. The problem of conflicts and
oppression and moral degeneration on the basis of religious violence
might be resolved only if we take into account the centrality of
self, freedom, individual choice and moral responsibility. For that
purpose that I found it relevant to take note of some of the
philosophical views and some remarkable practices of Indian thinkers
who show the possibility of synthesis between spirituality and
harmony, and the connection between religious identity and non
Keywords: Identity, religious identity, God-belief, morality, self,
other, freedom, religious conflict, violence, dharma, equality of
religion, moral choice, responsibility.
ANTONESEI, Liviu, "The Phenomenology of Eliade
and Archaic and 'Exotic' Religious Identities", International
Journal on Humanistic Ideology 2 (2) 101-114, 2009.
Abstract: This study emphasizes the cultural-ecumenical dimension of
Mircea Eliade's phenomenology as it is connected with archaic and
"exotic" religions. The last part of this article deals with
Eliade's analysis of Geto-Dacian (ancient Romanian) religion and its
surviving elements in popular mysticism.
Keywords: ecumenism, sacred and profane, religious identities,
archaic religions, "exotic" religions.
PRASOPCHINGCHANA, Sarunya; SUGU, Dana,
Distinctiveness of the Unseen: Buddhist Identity, International
Journal on Humanistic Ideology 2 (2) 115-144, 2009.
Abstract: All major systems of belief claim to have a distinctive
understanding and relation to whatever they may consider the unseen
divine entity. Present neuropsychological theories are divided
between the possible existence of "God-modules" hardwired in the
brain, on one hand, and God as a construction of the brain's
incapacity to explain unknown and unidentified events. In Therav?da
Buddhism there is no personal deity; one experiences the ultimate as
impersonal. The idea of self is also rejected and a Buddhist
identity is pointing out towards "othoproxy", "the right practice",
what could be called "action identity".
Keywords: action identity, neuropsychological theories, religion,